长期使用喷雾清洁剂竟会伤肺!损肺功能严重度堪比日吸20根烟!

挪威卑尔根大学本月发表研究报告,发现长期使用喷雾清洁剂,20年后肺功能受损的程度,相当于每天抽20根菸。

另外,美国科罗拉多大学发表的另一份报告指出,汽机车废气对空污的影响恐被高估,反而清洁剂、油漆、化妆品等产品的有机挥发物,才是占5成污染源的隐形杀手!

卑尔根大学研究团队,持续追踪6235名男女长达20年,发现喷雾清洁剂会伤害肺部与呼吸道黏膜。

团队科学家斯凡尼斯(Oistein Svanes)说,过去早有研究显示清洁剂短期内会引发哮喘,但这次研究显示出长期的伤害更惊人,建议日常清洁工作别用清洁剂、应以超细纤维布沾水擦拭代替。

英国专家则建议若非用清洁剂不可,应以液态款清洁剂取代喷雾款。

 

台北荣总一般胸腔科主任陈育民说,因清洁剂多含化学有机挥发物,长期使用确实可能影响肺功能、造成肺部结构受损;若长时间需接触清洁剂,应戴上活性碳口罩,并保持室内通风。至于清洁剂是否比抽菸有害,陈育民说他持「保留态度」。

另外,科罗拉多大学研究追踪33个美国工业化城市的空气品质,发现以石油为基底的产品,包括清洁剂、油漆涂料、印刷墨水、化妆品和头发定型液等,占空气污染源中的有机挥发物(VOCs)5成比例,日常消费品占空气污染源的比例大幅提高,欧美地区汽机车废气造成的污染反而被「高估」。

 

Regular exposure to cleaning products significantly affects lung function, research has suggested.

The study of 6,000 people by a team from Norway’s University of Bergen, found women appeared to be more badly affected than men.

They said cleaning chemicals were “unnecessary” and microfiber cloths and water were “enough for most purposes”.

UK experts said people should keep their homes well ventilated and use liquid cleaners instead of sprays.

The team looked at data from the European Community Respiratory Health Survey.

Previous studies have looked at the short-term effect of cleaning chemicals on asthma, but this work looked at the longer term.

Prof Cecile Svanes, who led the Bergen team, said: “We feared that such chemicals, by steadily causing a little damage to the airways day after day, year after year, might accelerate the rate of lung function decline that occurs with age.”

Adults in the study, published in the American Thoracic Society’s American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, were followed for more than 20 years.

Their lung function was measured by looking at how much air people could forcibly breath out – and the amount declined more over the years in women who cleaned.

The authors suggest the chemicals in cleaning products irritate the mucous membranes that line the airways of the lungs, causing long-term damage.

No difference was seen between men who cleaned and those who did not.

The researchers said that could partly be explained by there being far fewer men working as cleaners, but also suggested women might be more susceptible to the chemicals’ effects.

Oistein Svanes, who also worked on the study, said: “The take-home message is that in the long run cleaning chemicals very likely cause rather substantial damage to your lungs.

“These chemicals are usually unnecessary; microfiber cloths and water are more than enough for most purposes.”

Sarah MacFadyen, from the British Lung Foundation said: “Breathing in any kind of air pollution can have an impact on our health, especially for those living with a lung condition.

“This study further confirms that air pollution can come from a range of sources, including from paints, adhesives and cleaning products we use indoors.

“Ensuring we keep our homes well ventilated, using liquid cleaners instead of sprays and checking that our cookers and heaters are in good working order will help protect us and prevent everyday products impacting on our lungs.”

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