搞不清楚几时用Past Tense?这样学Past Tense,以后不再错


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一般过去时态讲解及练习
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在这个单元的学习中,我们接触到了一般过去时态。其实,这种新的时态学起来是很容易的。咱们一起来了解一下吧!

(1)基本用法
1. 一般过去时通常用来表示过去发生的动作或存在的状况。如:
--- Where were you last week? 上周你在哪儿?
--- I was at my uncle's home in the countryside. (上周)我在乡下的叔叔家。
2. 有些情况,发生时间没有明确标明,但实际上是过去发生的,应用过去时态;另外,在谈到已故去的人时,也多用过去时。如:
He bought a cat, and now they are good friends. 他买了一只猫,现在他们是好朋友了。
Lu Xun was a great writer. 鲁迅是一位伟大的作家。
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(2)时间状语
与一般过去时连用的时间状语有:yesterday(昨天), last night(昨晚), last week(上个星期), four days ago(四天前), in 2002(在2002年), just now(刚才), the day before yesterday(前天)等。如:
He went to the park yesterday. 她昨天去了花园。
I was ten years old in 2001. 我2001年才10岁。

(3)动词的过去式
在一般过去时态中会涉及到动词的过去式,大家要掌握规则动词的过去式的变化规则。其基本的变化规则如下:
① 一般情况下,在动词原形后直接ed。如:play –played , look –looked 。
② 以e结尾的动词在其后加d。如:like –liked, use –used。
③ 与辅音字母加y结尾的动词,把y变成i 再加ed。 如:carry – carried, marry - married。
④ 以重读闭音节(或r音节)结尾,末尾只有一个辅音字母时,双写这个辅音字母,再加ed。如: stop –stopped, prefer –preferred。
当然,刚才提到的都是规则动词的构成,我们还学过许多不规则动词的过去式形式。如:am – was, are – were, put – put, see – saw, eat – ate等,这些可需要我们在课下牢牢记住哟!
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【趁热打铁】
一般过去时态小练习
Ⅰ请写出下列动词的过去式。
want           arrive           enjoy            shop
is        _   see         _   are  _         eat
Ⅱ 指出下列句中的一处错误,并改正。
1. We go to school early yesterday. _____________________
2. She buys a dress last week. ________________________
3. Did you liked playing football ? ________________________
4.--- Did you have a good trip ?  --- No, I did. ______________________
5. I enjoied Chinese very much. __________________
Ⅲ 翻译下列句子,每空一词。
1. 你昨晚去哪了?
Where ______ you _______ last night?
2. 我们昨天没有在学校。
We __________ at school yesterday.
3. 我两小时前在家里。
I was at home ______ _______ _______.
4. 你上周六去了动物园吗?
_______ you ________ to the zoo last Saturday?
5. 我去年不喜欢学数学。
I _________ like learning math last year.
参考答案
【一般过去时小练习】
Ⅰ wanted, arrived, enjoyed, shopped, was, saw, were, ate.
Ⅱ 1. go改为went   2. buys改为bought   3. liked改为like
4. 答语中的did改为didn’t   5. enjoied改为enjoyed
Ⅲ 1. did, go   2. weren’t   3. two hours ago   4. Did, go   5. didn’t


1)到底何时才用一般过去时态?
① 句中有明确的表示过去的时间状语,表示在过去某个时间发生的动作或情况。如:
I went to school at 7:00 yesterday morning. 我昨天早晨七点去上学。
② 句中有明确的表示过去的时间状语,表示在过去某个时间存在的状态。如:
She was not at home last night. 她昨晚八点没在家。
③ 表示在过去经常或反复发生的动作,常和often(经常)、always(总是)、sometimes
(有时)等表示频率的时间状语连用。如:
He often had lunch at school last month. 他上个月经常在学校吃午饭。
④ 表示已故的人所做的事情或情况。如:
Ba Jin wrote a lot of novels for us.巴金写了很多部小说。


2)动词过去式后的ed到底发什么音?
规则动词过去式后的“ed”读音时不一样的。那么,有什么不一样呢?有这么几句口诀:“清读清,浊读浊,元音结尾还读浊,/t/、/d/之后读/id/。”怎么样,理解吗?听我娓娓道来:“清读清”,是指动词以清辅音结尾,那么加的“ed”读作清辅音/t/,如asked /a:skt/,missed /mist/ 等;动词以浊辅音或元音结尾,那么加的“ed”读作浊辅音/d/,如cleaned /kli;nd/,lived /livd/,played /pleid/ 等;动词以 /t/ 或 /d /结尾,那么加的“ed”读作浊辅音/id/,如started /sta:tid/,studied /sta:did/ 等。
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【趁热打铁】
一般过去时态小练习
Ⅰ请用正确动词形式填空。
1. I _________ an exciting party last weekend. (have)
2. She _______ at home yesterday morning. (is)
3. Tommy __________ TV at his uncle’s last night.(watch)
4. They all _________ to the mountains yesterday morning. (go)
5. My friend, Carol, ________for the math test yesterday evening. (study)
Ⅱ 翻译下列句子。
6. 你昨天在哪儿呢?
Where ________ you yesterday?
7. 詹妮喜欢看书。昨晚她看了一本英语书。
Jenny likes reading books. She _________ an English book last night.
8. 上周六他做什么了?他和妈妈去购物了。
--- What ________ he _________ last Saturday?
--- He _________ shopping with his mother.
9. 雷锋经常帮助其他人。
Lei Feng often ________ other people.
10. 我上周没有给你写信。
I ________ ________ to you last week.
Ⅲ 按照括号中的要求改写句子。
11. Lucy did her homework at home.(改否定句)
Lucy ___________ ___________ her homework at home.
12. She found some meat in the fridge.(变一般疑问句)
___________ she __________ ___________ meat in the fridge?
13. She stayed there for a week.(对划线部分提问)
__________ ___________ __________ she __________ there?
14. There was some orange in the cup.(变一般疑问句)
_________ there ___________ orange in the cup?
15. Li Ming is at school now. (用yesterday 改写句子)
Li Ming _______ at school yesterday.
参考答案
【一般过去时小练习】
Ⅰ1. had   2. was   3. watched   4. went   5. studied
Ⅱ 6. were   7. read   8. did, do, went   9. helped   10. didn’t write
Ⅲ 11. didn’t do   12. Did, find any   13. How long did, stay   14. Was there   15. was
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搞不清楚几时用Past Tense?这样学Past Tense,以后不再错 搞不清楚几时用Past Tense?这样学Past Tense,以后不再错 Reviewed by leesharing on 下午7:46:00 Rating: 5
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